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Francis Bellamy and his cousin and cohort, the author Edward Bellamy, wanted government to take over all schools as a socialist monopoly, end all of the better alternatives, and use government schools to produce an "industrial army" (a Bellamy term) explicitly modeled upon the military in order to nationalize the economy and create a society of totalitarian socialism as described in the book "Looking Backward" by Edward Bellamy. The Bellamy boys actively promoted what they called "military socialism."  Edward Bellamy also published the Nationalist Magazine.

Support the "PLEDGE REJECTION ACT" & stop the Pledge Protection Act & fund education about the Pledge's author and his ilk. 


Does the Pledge of Allegiance establish a religion  --the worship of government?

Public comments about the pledge show that few people know about the pledge's poisonous past.  The pledge was written in 1892 by a self-proclaimed National Socialist in the U.S., who wanted government to take over all schools to create an "industrial army" for totalitarian socialism.

Few people know of the discovery by the journalist Rex Curry that the original salute to the flag was the origin of the Nazi salute. Eye-popping photos are only at http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html

Few people know that "Nazi" means "National Socialist German Workers' Party."  An easy mnemonic device to remember that Nazis were socialists and that "Nazi" means "National Socialist German Workers’ Party" is that the horrid swastika resembles overlapping "S" shapes for "socialism," and that the Nazis often used stylized "S" symbolism.

The common claim that the straight-arm salute is an old Roman salute is a myth. http://rexcurry.net/pledgesalute.html

The pledge of allegiance was authored by the self-proclaimed socialist Francis Bellamy. Bellamy was the first cousin of the socialist Edward Bellamy. Edward Bellamy's futuristic novel, "Looking Backward," was published in 1888, and described life in the year 2000.  It described a totalitarian society where all private transactions are outlawed, where the government places all men in an "industrial army" (a Bellamy phrase) explicitly modeled on the military and where the  government has taken over all schools as a socialist monopoly for the "industrial army" system to acheive "military socialism" (another Bellamy phrase) and to nationalize the entire economy.  Of course, all of the preceding was portrayed as a dandy utopia just as it was portrayed by so many apologists for the industrial armies of socialist hell-holes worldwide.  It explains the modern Military-Socialist complex.

The book spawned a socialist movement in the U.S. known as "Nationalism," with the Nationalist magazine, and "Nationalist Clubs" whose members wanted the federal government to nationalize most of the American economy. Francis Bellamy was a member of this movement and a vice president of its socialist auxiliary group.

In the original articles about the Pledge of Allegiance,  Francis Bellamy promotes government schools and snipes at the many better alternatives, and urges that education should come only from government.  It is consistent with the government school monopoly in the book "Looking Backward" and the "industrial army" promoted by the Bellamys. 

Bellamy lived during the time when schools were becoming socialized heavily in the United States.  When the U.S. Constitution was written, children received private educations (schools are not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution).

Francis Bellamy used his position with the National Education Association (NEA) to promote the pledge.  Edward Bellamy published the “Nationalist” magazine and both Bellamys supported its publisher, the “Nationalist Educational Association,” (NEA) named with deliberate similarity to the National Education Association. The name is visible in the photo above near the bottom of the magazine's cover.  This is the only one place on the web with an example of the "Nationalist" magazine.

The Government-schools spread and mandated racism and segregation by law and did so through WWII and well beyond. http://rexcurry.net/stopthepledge4.html

The straight-armed salute of the pledge in racist and segregated government schools served as a widespread example to Germany through WWI and for over three decades before Nazism and WWII.  The National Socialist German Workers' Party was also inspired by German-Americans who were already national socialists in the U.S. and who joined the German American Bund movement to support national socialists in Germany before WWII. http://rexcurry.net/pledgebund.html

Germans learned bad American behavior via old films, via WWI, and via the widespread use of the straight-arm salute by German-American groups in the USA, that  led to its adoption later by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party).

Does the Pledge of Allegiance establish a religion  -the worship of government? The Pledge was written to establish the religion of solidarity, with Jesus as its socialist figurehead. Before penning the Pledge, the Reverend Francis Bellamy penned notorious sermons about "Jesus the Socialist," to promote the "Religion of Solidarity," a doctrine shared with Edward Bellamy, his cousin, and the author of a book with the same title.  It was part of the "Christian Socialism" movement that the Bellamys preached. http://rexcurry.net/pledgelead.html

The Bellamys touted government as God, and socialism as religion.  That religion includes repentence, confession, rejecting past sin, conversion, embracing the new "God" (government/socialism), prayer, daily group-chanting, idolatry, altruism, self-sacrifice, even to the end of crucifixion or death.  It is similar to the dogma under the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): 65 million dead under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; 35 million dead under the Peoples' Republic of China; 21 million dead under the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The religion gives government God-like powers of omniscience and omnipotence, with the power of life and death.

The first flag pledge used a gesture of worship, and was not the modern hand-over-the-heart.  Bellamy's flag pledge originally extended the right arm out toward the flag while the "flag prayer" was chanted reverential, en masse and on the cue of a ringing bell.  If both arms had been extended together, then the religious worship and flag idolatry would have been more clear and startling.  

In actual use, the second part of the gesture was performed with a straight arm and palm down by entranced children performing the forced ritual chanting. The original Pledge of Allegiance was the origin of the salute of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, as shown by the historian, Dr. Rex Curry.

The Religion of Solidarity was one of Edward Bellamy's early works, written in 1874 at the age of 24.  Professor Curry has studied Edward Bellamy's work extensively and has shown the damage that the Bellamy family did. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html  Solidarity combines socialism with religion, and argues that individuality is an unimportant delusion. It advocates that each individual subsume himself/herself to anything and everything else, as repeated later in Bellamy's socialist utopia Looking Backward (1888).

Francis Bellamy (author of the "Pledge of Allegiance") and Edward Bellamy (author of the novel "The Religion of Solidarity") and Charles Bellamy (author of "Were they Sinners?") were socialists.  Edward and Charles were brothers, and Francis was their cousin. Francis and Edward were both self-proclaimed National Socialists and they supported the "Nationalism" movement in the USA, the "Nationalist" magazine, the "Nationalist Educational Association," and their dogma of "military socialism," and Edward inspired the "Nationalist Party" (in the USA) and their dogma influenced socialists worldwide (including Germany) via “Nationalist Clubs.” The Pledge was the origin of the Nazi salute. "Nazi" means "National Socialist German Workers' Party." A mnemonic device is the swastika. Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, Professor Curry discovered that it was also used sometimes by German National Socialists as alphabetic symbolism, including meshed "S" letters for their "socialism."  Curry changed the way that people view the symbol of the horrid National Socialist German Workers' Party.  Hitler altered his own signature to use the same stylized "S" letter for "socialist" and similar alphabetic symbolism still shows on Volkswagens.  

Edward Bellamy grew up in a religious family with religious predecessors. Rufus King Bellamy (1816 - 1886) was the father of Frederick, Edward, and Charles. Rufus was a younger brother of David Bellamy (the father of Francis Bellamy, author of the Pledge of Allegiance). Both Rufus and David spent their lives in the ministry preaching their versions of utopia.  Rufus and his wife (Maria Putnam Bellamy) preached to their three sons the need for activist altruism.  Charles and Edward Bellamy went on to write utopian stories and fantasy tales. Charles wrote "Were They Sinners?" and "The Breton Mills" (1879) in which he used vague altruism to justify a socialist government. Edward followed the same route with "The Religion of Solidarity" and his totalitarian utopian fantasy "Looking Backward," both considered part of the "Christian Socialism" dogma. Both brothers inpired their cousin, Francis Bellamy (author of the Pledge of Allegiance).  

Edward Bellamy's book was translated into 20 foreign languages.  It was popular among the elite in pre-revolutionary Russia, and was even read by Lenin's wife. In Bellamy's book "Equality," the post office replaces the military as Bellamy's model of military socialism. It might have influenced Lenin and his Germanizing State and Revolution written much later.

John Dewey and the historian Charles Beard intended to praise the book when they stated that it was matched in influence only by Das Kapital.

Francis Bellamy lived from 1855 to1931. Edward Bellamy lived from 1850-1898. Edward Bellamy was spared witnessing the horrors that his socialism caused to the rest of humanity. Francis Bellamy lived in the U.S. during the first 14 years of mass atrocities under the industrial army of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.  Francis Bellamy might not have known about the horrors of his socialist ideas in the U.S.S.R. at that time.  Francis Bellamy lived long enough to see a similar salute and philosophy espoused by the industrial army of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.  If Edward Bellamy's fictional character had awakened in the year 2000 he would have learned that since 1887 Bellamy's philosophy had set and was holding all the worst records for shortages, poverty, misery, starvation, atrocities and mass slaughter.

The socialist Wholecaust occurred under the industrial armies of the socialist trio of atrocities. http://rexcurry.net/socialists.jpg

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 62 million deaths, 1917-'87; the People's Republic of China, 35 million, 1949-'87; and the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, 21 million, 1933-'45 (numbers from Professor R. J. Rummel's article in the Encyclopedia of Genocide (1999) and in "Death by Government."  

The Bellamys were also pompous about "equality."   When a socialist supports "equality" he means that he doesn't like the way you are, and wants to change you and he wants to use government force to do it.  He is saying that he dislikes all people because they are "different" and have different possessions, incomes, clothes, cars, property, families, ideas, educations, successes, cultures,  languages, interests, entertainment, etc.  He is saying he wants you to believe that changing everyone is a good idea.  That is why he supports government schools and military socialism as a way to use government to force change and stop differences and make everyone a cog in an "industrial army."  It is the worst bigotry.  They acheived massive equality for many in the socialist wholecaust by making them equally poor and then equally dead.

After the National Socialist German Workers' Party tried to impose socialism on the world, many U.S. citizens were disturbed by the Pledge's similar salute and that it was written by a socialist in "Nationalist" groups in the U.S.   Although the salute changed, the pledge remained the same.  

There is something more disturbing than all of the above: Most children are never told any of the preceding history in government schools, even though there is often a totalitarian-style robotic recital of the pledge as a collective by children in government schools en masse on cue from the government every single day.

It is a wonder why anyone recites the Pledge of Allegiance.  It is probably because of rampant ignorance about the Pledge's origin and history.

No one would trust the government to tell you the truth if it ran the newspapers. Why would anyone expect the government to tell children the truth in government schools? As Libertarians say: The separation of school and state is as important as the separation of church and state. And that is the real solution to the pledge debate and all other school issues: remove government from education.

Rex Curry is an attorney, and can be reached at  rexy@ij.net

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The court case of Frank Herbert Wonschik v. U.S., argued that the jury selection process was impermissibly tainted by the trial judge's request that all potential jurors stand and recite the Pledge of Allegiance prior to jury selection. Furthermore, that bias also transgressed the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.    http://rexcurry.net/pledgewonschik.html

Adolf Hitler Nazis Fascists Third Reich Germany WWII Stalin Mao All in favor of a pledge raise your right hand...

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